31 March

  • 1966 Luna 10, the first spacecraft to enter the moon’s orbit, is launched
  • 1890 Birth of William Lawrence Bragg, known for the Bragg law of x-ray diffraction and the winner of the 1915 Nobel Prize, along with his father William Henry Bragg, for their work on using x-rays to analyse crystal structures
  • 1906 Birth of Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, awarded the 1965 Nobel Prize with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger for their work on the development of quantum electrodynamics
  • 1934 Birth of Carlo Rubbia, the particle physicist who shared the 1984 Nobel Prize with Simon van der Meer for their work at CERN that led to the discovery of the W and Z bosons – the particles that mediate interactions in the weak nuclear force
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